G. Deleuze and F. Guattari, Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. Minneapolis, MN., 1987. p.37; p.7. "The question of the non-human is central here. It is a question posed by language itself, and one that can be phrased in terms of language. What is the non-human, and why must it be invoked by the question of language? If we insist on phrasing the question of the non-human in affirmative terms (that is, if we insist on seeing in the 'non' of 'non-human' negativity rather than difference) we will find ourselves back at the three great figures of the non-human: the animal, the machine, and the divinity." A. Bourassa, "Literature, Language, and the Nonhuman. Canadian Review of Comparative Literature. September 1997. p.560.